Outdated tiles are usually the first to go when renovating. But what do you replace them with?
An ever-growing variety of tiles and cement finishes to choose from, in an even greater choice of designs and colors, makes it hard to decide and ou become feeling nervous and loosing sleep? Try out remvital reviews to get rid of this problem . To make your choice easier, we take a closer look at some of the latest hard floorcoverings.
One of the most popular file types, known for its durability and resistance to water, chemicals, and fire, ceramic is relatively maintenance free and usually a very affordable option. Ceramic tiles are made by baking clay under high pressure and searing temperatures. This process creates a light but hard tile. The tiles are usually glazed and therefore don’t need to be sealed (though the grouting should be sealed). Standard tiles are usually square but you can also get them in rectangular shapes, and various kinds can be mixed to create a stunning visual effect.
Also made of a ceramic substance but baked at a much higher temperature for a ‘glassy’ feel, porcelain tiles are of better quality and more expensive than ceramic – though they’re still cheaper than natural stone. The material and the specific baking process ensure a denser, harder tile that is both water/stain-resistant ideal for high traffic areas. Porcelain looks like natural stone or limestone. It works well in a home with contemporary finishes. It’s available in a wide variety of glazed layers and finishes that vary from matte to high gloss. An unglazed porcelain tile can be polished to a high gloss and, because the tile is the same throughout, splintering is less visible.
The warmest of all file types with a laidback charm, terracotta is made of clay but baked at a much lower temperature than other file types. This particular process lets small bursts of air into the material rendering the surface porous, and this holds the heat. However, this also means that the tiles can easily be damaged by water if it’s not sealed correctly. Terracotta is one the oldest floor materials in the world and it’s natural, down to earth character makes it a favorite for kitchens. The broad grout lines further enhance the earthy feel of this old favorite. Terracotta tiles are available in various earthy tones – from brick red to softer pinks, warm oranges, mustard yellow and a number of different browns. The shade of terracotta tiles can also vary, which adds to its individuality.
Which tile, where?
When you choose tiles for a specific room, ask the supplier about the Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) grading. According to Tile Africa, this grading gives you a good indication of the wear and tear of tiles on a scale of 1-5:
Use: Rooms that are featured with very little foot traffic or where lightweight shoes are worn. Not a suitable choice for rooms that extend outside, as foot traffic could bring in pebbles and stones.
Location: Rooms with light foot traffic Use: Suitable for rooms where regular shoes are worn light foot traffic and a small amount of stone may be brought in from outside.
Location: Indoor, outdoor Use: Choose any place throughout the building, including offices, entrance halls, passages, kitchens, light commercial areas, such as an office with light foot traffic.
Location: Commercial Use: Suitable for all public spaces such as office buildings, shops, hospitals, garages, restaurants, and industrial kitchens.
Location: Industrial use Use: PEI 5 is an industrial grading suitable for factories, stadia, and workshops.
It serves as a classic element and increases the value of your house, apartment as this material is marked with the exceeding durability. Also, it is known to be aesthetically timeless. Every detail can have a unique visual appearance. Most stone products are perfect for both inside and outside use and will stay in perfect condition for years after installation. The product is sold in blocks in different sized tiles; often some are smaller, thinner and slightly lighter. All types of stone guarantee a strong and durable floor and can carry substantial weight.
Limestone is mostly formed from a mineral called calcite, which is made of fine remains of sea organisms and deposits. It’s often used in particularly chic, minimalist styled homes.
Slate is a compact, hard and dense stone which has been baked in the earth’s core under extreme pressure and dug out in mountainous areas. It will not peel or fade and is relatively water and stain resistant and hides dirt well – so it’s therefore ideal for kitchens, bathrooms and outdoor spaces.
Sandstone is formed by compressed grains of sand, minerals, and soil. It’s very popular because of its durability and comes in a variety of colors, is easy to maintain and is more affordable than limestone.
Travertine is also known as travertine marble. Water filters through limestone and in the process emit carbon dioxide, leaving holes in the stone. The holes are filled with resin or other fillers but the stone can also be roughly polished unfilled and left tumbled to give it a rough, textured, old-world appearance.
Marble is crystallized limestone formed through the chemical changes which occur when a stone is exposed to constant heat and pressure in the earth’s core. Marble is best suited to spacious homes with a formal look.
Granite is an eruptive rock which is formed through the slow cooling process of underground magma and lava. One of the strongest stones on earth, granite has specks, while marble has veins. It is ideal for high traffic areas and should it be damaged, it can easily be polished.
Remember Always use a reputable contractor with experience in working with the given material particularly because most of these tiles differ in thickness.
Cast cement tiles
They are made of a mixture of cement, color pigments, and other ingredients. These elements are sometimes poured to give tiles the same natural look. Cement tiles are a durable, practical and costless alternative to stone production. The textures generally resemble sandstone and slate. It may be colored according to individual requirements. A sealer will further enhance the color. Remember that it can also curb staining.
Seamless cement floors remain popular and stand head to head with any other flooring option. Cement can be colored and painted in a variety of colors – the easiest way to do this is to add pigments to the mixture so the color won’t splinter. There are also special floor paints you can use to paint existing cement floors. Surfaces need to be sealed to protect it against moisture and dirt.
Cement screed is made of sand, cement, and water and is very similar to plasterwork. Screeds can be colored – dark colors work better than the lighter shades unless you prefer grey cement. However, if you prefer light shades, white cement and white sand should be mixed with the pigment (it’s slightly more expensive). It costs about R250m2 depending on the contractor.
Concrete Colour Hardener
Is a granolith which strengthens and enhances color. It is a special blend of cement, strong aggregate materials, pigments and chemical additives which can become as hard as stone and is exceptionally durable. It’s available in 14 different colors and comes in 20kg bags which costs about R333, and covers about 5m2.
Stucco plaster is a mixture of sand, cement, pigments, and additives, which have been mixed with an emulsified liquid. There are 15 colors in the range from Stucco Italiano, and it costs about R300m2 if installed by a contractor.
Concrete Floor rate is a self-leveling and contouring colored floor finish. It can be installed on an even cement floor or over a screed. The final product is a smooth, durable floor finish of about 2mm thick. It costs R392 per 20kg bag and covers about 5m2.
Epoxy is a synthetic, heavy duty cover with a glossy finish. It is durable and is resistant to oil and fatty residue. Today’s simple epoxy products need no catalysts and are very user-friendly. It’s available in a wide range of colors and costs about R480 for 5 liters which will cover 15m2.
Quartz Carpet is a unique seamless flooring system which is made of imported natural glacier aggregate. It has been colored and then internally mixed with epoxy and externally with polyurethane. It is applied on the floor with a trowel. It is available in 34 colors and costs about R600/m2.